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Spreading the Gospel from the heart of the Middle Kingdom



The Chinese flag is raised at dawn and lowered at dusk each day with military precision in Tiananmen Square. A portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong, founding father of the People’s Republic, looks on from the Forbidden City.

BEIJING (BP) — Beijing is an urban center peopled by the rich, politically privileged – and utterly poor.

Outwardly, it’s strikingly modern with its Bird’s Nest Olympic Stadium and rapidly expanding state-of-the-art subway system. It’s ancient, too, with the Forbidden City of Imperial China at its heart. It’s blatantly communist with the Soviet-styled Great Hall of the People set in the city center, and capitalist with posh shopping areas shimmering with luxury designer goods nearby.

It’s also a magnet, drawing people from throughout the country as they flow in from provinces seeking employment and a better life. Thomas*, a Christian worker in Beijing, sees the drawing power of the capital city as a strategic place for reaching out into China’s provinces with the Gospel message.

“Beijing is a city that breathes people,” Thomas explains. “Every day hundreds of thousands of people travel in and out of the city. At peak times there are more than a million travelers per day. Some stay only a few days, yet others stay much longer. 

“A few who come are already Christians from two strong Christian areas of China – Henan and Anhui. Most are not and know more about Coca-Cola than Christ,” he continues. “Whether they come as tourists, on business, or looking for some kind of employment, we want all who enter the capital of the Middle Kingdom to learn of the Eternal Kingdom and the Emperor who died on a cross for them.”


Unprecedented growth

When Beijing’s population hit 19 million in late 2009, it had already surpassed the government’s target to keep the capital’s population below 18 million until the year 2020. Government officials are searching for ways to slow the city’s growth, as infrastructure can’t keep up with the surging population, which has now reached more than 20 million.

“The size of Beijing doesn’t intimidate me,” Thomas says. “It’s not a mass of humanity. You learn to read it sociodemographically … once you get above a million, it doesn’t really make a difference. You look at where you have the relationships.”

China is riding the same wave of urbanization as the rest of the globe. The United Nations estimates that by 2050 nearly 70 percent of the world’s 10 billion people will be living in cities, up from only 30 percent living in cities in 1950. A similar scenario is occurring in China but – as in its economic and industrial development – at a much more rapid pace.

As recently as 1980, less than 20 percent of China’s population lived in cities. In the ’80s, Chinese citizens were generally assigned to “work units” and the central government largely restricted their movements. Opportunities for work in cities nevertheless beckoned and even in the mid-’80s there was a significant percentage of temporary workers lured to cities such as Beijing. With China’s meteoric economic development of recent decades, that “floating population” has increased in the capital and in other cities in China. By the end of 2011, half of China’s population was living in cities.

“You have a lot of advantages [as a Christian worker] in the city,” Thomas says. He explains that relationships in urban environments are built through mutual interests rather than proximity.


Effective witnesses

“In some ways it is very natural,” he says. “In some ways, the bigger the city, the better your odds of finding somebody with similar interests. In the city you can’t share with everybody. It’s not practical and not effective. You find points of common interest. You build relationships. The Gospel spreads along relational lines.


The well-preserved Mutianyu section of the Great Wall snakes along a ridge about 40 miles northeast of the city’s urban core. The Beijing municipality is vast, reaching well into rural areas and as far as the iconic structure.

“So when I look at the city I don’t see the masses of people,” he adds. “It’s easy to start seeing the pockets. Where do you start in a city? Wherever your relationships take you.”

For Thomas, this is in training others to be effective witnesses. For others it may be connecting with subcultures of artists or musicians.

Change has come to China at such a blistering pace that it is hard to know what is next. Thomas points out that in the Book of Acts, God used persecution to scatter the church. Likewise, he suggests: “God is using economic migration to bring the lost to the church [in the city].

“Napoleon Bonaparte said ‘when China awakes, the world will tremble.’ In the sovereignty of God, as countries rise and fall, God is bringing China to the center stage of world history,” he continues. “It’s not a question of ‘Will China rise?’ It’s a question of ‘What kind of China will it be?’

“Those fields of harvest are rice paddies. They’re longing for the Gospel. And they’re coming to us, even here in the city.”

Beijing is the focus of 2012 International Mission Study (

*Name changed

Contributing writer Elaine Gaston provided this story for IMB.



The Beijing subway system has expanded rapidly in recent years with all but two lines built in the last decade. Even so, in this city of 20 million, trains are packed during peak hours on many of the 15 lines. In 2011, the subway tallied 2.18 billion passenger rides. With so few believers in Beijing, Christian workers face a daunting task.

► Southern Baptists’ gifts to the Lottie Moon Christmas Offering and through the Cooperative Program help Southern Baptist workers around the world share the Gospel. Give to the offering through your local Southern Baptist church or online at, where there are resources for church leaders to promote the offering. Download related videos at


An elderly couple play a quiet game of Chinese chess in a Beijing hutong. Many of these old hutong neighborhoods have been demolished in recent years as the city makes way for new roads and buildings.


Massive LCD screens, each 40 meters long, cut through Tiananmen Square, the most significant public square in the country. The screens display a mesmerizing show of scenes from throughout China, captivating visitors to the square with the images.